This gradually resulted into the death of both institutions: The "indio" acquired the habit of allowing his economic and social superiors to do the thinking for him, and this attitude persists among us today, seriously undermining any movement for greater democracy.
Manila was also the ecclesiastical capital of the Philippines. A Filipino or a Chinese mestizo can be head of the municipio; this was the highest government position a Filipino could attain during the Spanish regime.
New plants and animals, the Christian religion and Spanish civilization, and new industries were introduced. This long poem, original and folksy in its rendition of a humanized, indeed, a nativized Jesus, is a milestone in the history of Philippine letters.
All citizens above 18 are required to pay the new tax. Throughout Spanish rule, Christianized Filipinos were forced to pay larger taxes than indios, or native, unchristian zed peoples.
Antonio de Morga writes: Spanish archives are full of exasperated colonial officials complaining about how such settlements were 'all but abandoned' in many cases after only a few weeks. Even among the Christianized ethnic groups, the oral tradition persisted in such forms as legends, sayings, wedding songs such as the balayan and parlor theater such as theduplo Medina, p.
Everyone over the age of 18 was obliged to pay. If the ethnic majority is Tagalog, then the script that will be taught is baybayin. They saw the grant as nothing more than an opportunity to enrich themselves and used every opportunity open to him, whether in the collection of tributes or in the unlawful exaction of numerous services.
Balagtas was one of the first Indios to become a Filipino. The Filipinos are faithful people and use religion to resume courage and strength in times of trouble, and they often attribute their successes in life to divine guidance.
IsabelCollege of La Concordiaand Assumption Convent -Inthe Spanish Government enacted and implemented an educational reform primarily designed to improve the state of education throughout the archipelago. The encomienda system was generally characterized by greed and cruelty.
Mass baptism - the initial practice of baptizing large numbers of Filipinos at one time enabled the initial conversion to Christianity. Ferdinand Magellan, painting, The existing literature of the Philippine ethnic groups at the time of conquest and conversion into Christianity was mainly oral, consisting of epics, legends, songs, riddles, and proverbs.
They also tried to stamp out all examples of native scripts and literature for fear that Filipinos were using exotic symbols to foment rebellion.
The Spanish colonial strategy was to undermine the native oral tradition by substituting for it the story of the Passion of Christ Lumbera, p. Yet Filipinos believed that proper ritual feasting of the spirits would appease them, and result in good harvests, healthy recovery of the ill, and the fertility of women.
It was also credited to the carabao ban ofthe formation of the silversmiths and gold beaters guild and the construction of the first papermill in the Philippines in On the one hand, Spanish clergy were very destructive of local religious practices.
Thus, religious themes dominated the culture of the Christianized majority. The Obras Pias or pious works was a foundation where money from the trade was invested and appropriated. On the national level, with its seat of power in Manila, Intramuros, the governor general gobernador y capitan-general became the spokesman and the representative of the King of Spain to the Philippines.
The society led to the creation of Plan General Economico of Basco which implemented the monopolies on the areca nut, tobacco, spirited liquors and explosives. Unfortunately for us, we were colonized before our own society could develop sufficiently.
At the end of the Spanish rule in the Philippines inthe Filipino national culture was associated with the pro-Spanish culture which was developed by the Christians throughout the archipelago Tan Central government in Manila retained a medieval cast until the 19th century, and the governor-general was so powerful that he was often likened to an independent monarch.
This era can be characterized by rampant commercialism in films. It was introduced onvanished temporarily onand and ceased to exist in the middle of the s. Some delicacies eaten by some Filipinos may seem unappetizing to the Western palate include balut boiled egg with a fertilized duckling insidelonganisa sweet sausageand dinuguan soup made from pork blood.
Moreover, Christian faith has an enormous impact on moral formation of the Filipinos today. These colonial defects, however, were offset by the good things done by Spain in our country.
These writers, called ladinos because of their fluency in both Spanish and Tagalog Medina, pp. With these great material changes, social values were transformed, allowing greater social mobility.
From toour archipelago was governed by the Viceroy of Mexico in the name of the Spanish king.
The polo system was patterned after the Mexican repartimento, selection for forced labor Cultural Transformation. May 22, · Mabuhay! In this site you will be able to learn the GREATSS (Government, Religion, Economy, Technologies and Infrastructure,Social Structure and System of Writing) of the Philippines during the periods of Pre-colonial, Spanish, American and the Republic.
The Colonization of the Philippines Essays; According to Webster’s Dictionary the definition of colonization is, “The colonial system of political government or extension of territory, by which one nation exerts political control over another nation, territory, or people, maintaining the colony in a state of dependence, its inhabitants.
Colonial mentality has deep roots in our history: first, in the level of social and economic development we attained before colonization; second, in the nature of Spanish colonization; third, in the impact of American rule; fourth, in the way we obtained our independence and fifth, in the neo-colonial policies of the United States up to the.
Colonial society was hierarchical, based upon on the amount of non-Spanish blood a person possessed. A complicated system, called the casta, delineated over separate names for groups containing certain levels of Native American and African blood.
Jobs, government positions, titles to land, and almost everything else in the Americas functioned according to this system with those at the top.
The Philippine agrarian reform history teaches us valuable lessons and insights about the past agrarian reform programs and the peasant initiatives that contributes to the evolution of the Philippine agrarian reform program from the pre-colonial times to the present administration.
The literature of the Philippines illustrates the Prehistory and European colonial legacy of the Philippines, written in both Indigenous and Hispanic writing system. Most of the traditional literatures of the Philippines were written during the Spanish period, while being preserved orally prior to Spanish .Resettlement patterns in spanish colonialm system in the philippines essay